References

Brain

1. Spear, L. Adolescent brain and the college drinker: Biological basis of propensity to use and misuse alcohol. Journal of Studies on Alcohol (Suppl. 14):71–81, 2002.

2. De Bellis, M.D.; Clark, D.B.; Beers, S.R.; et al. Hippocampal volume in adolescent-onset alcohol use disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry 157(5):737–744, 2000.

3. Brown, S.A.; Tapert, S.F.; Granholm, E.; and Delis, D.C. Neurocognitive functioning of adolescents: Effects of protracted alcohol use. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research 24(2): 164–171, 2000.

4. Abernathy, K., Chandler, L. J., & Woodward, J. J. (2010). ALCOHOL AND THE PREFRONTAL CORTEX. International Review of Neurobiology, 91, 289-320.

Addiction

1. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (Vol. 59) [59]. (2003). Retrieved from http://pubs.nlaaa.nih.gov/publications

2. Grant, B.F., and Dawson, D.A. Age of onset of alcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: Results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. Journal of Substance Abuse 9:103–110, 1997.

3. Kono, Y.; Yoneda, H.; Sakai, T.; et al. Association between early-onset alcoholism and the dopamine D2 receptor gene. American Journal of Medical Genetics (Neuropsychiatric Genetics) 74(2):179–182, 1997.

4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-41, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 11-4658. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011.

5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Results from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health: Summary of National Findings, NSDUH Series H-48, HHS Publication No. (SMA) 14-4863. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2014.

6. Merikangas, K. R., Stolar, M., Stevens, D. E., Goulet, J., et al., Familial transmission of substance use disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 1998. 55(11): p. 973-9

7. Enoch, M. A., & Goldman, D., The genetics of alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Curr Psychiatry Rep, 2001. 3(2): p. 144-51.

Behavior

1. Fergusson DM, Boden JM, Horwood L. Tests of Causal Links Between Alcohol Abuse or Dependence and Major Depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009; 66(3):260-266. doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.543.

2. Jané-Llopis E. Matytsina I Mental health and alcohol, drugs and tobacco: a review of the comorbidity between mental disorders and the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs. Drug Alcohol Rev 2006; 25 (6) 515- 536

3. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), Office of Applied Studies. The Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Among Adolescents. (SMA) 99-3286. Rockville, MD: SAMHSA, 1999.

4. Hanna EZ, Hsiao-ye Y, Dufour MC, et al. The relationship of drinking and other substance use alone and in combination to health and behavior problems among youth ages 12-16: Findings from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III). Paper presented at the 23rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the Research Society on Alcoholism, June 24-29, 2000, Denver, CO.

5. Windle M, Miller-Tutzauer C, Domenico D. Alcohol use, suicidal behavior, and risky activities among adolescents. J Res Adolesc 2(4):317-330, 1992.

6. Cooper M.L, Orcutt H.K. Drinking and sexual experience on first dates among adolescents. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 1997;106:191–202.

7. Cooper M.L, Pierce R.S, Huselid R.F. Substance use and sexual risk taking among black adolescents and white adolescents. Health Psychology. 1994;13:251–262.

8. Virkkunen, M., & Linnoila, M. Serotonin and glucose metabolism in impulsively violent alcoholic offenders. In: Stoff, D.M., & Cairns, R.B., eds. Aggression and Violence. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1996. pp. 87-100.

9. Department of Health and Human Services. _Healthy People 2010._ 2nd ed. With Understanding and Improving Health and Objectives for Improving Health. 2 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, November 2000. P. 26–20.

10. Linakis, James K. "Predictive Validity of a 2-Question Alcohol Screen at 1-, 2-, and 3-Year Follow-Up." Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network, vol. 143, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/143/3/e20182001.full

How to Prevent Underage Drinking

1. Grant, BF and Dawson, DA. Journal of Substance Abuse 9:103-110, 1997.

Have Fun

1. The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, 2011.

Be Aware

1. Bach/Harrison, “Utah Student Health and Risk Prevention Survey,” 2006.

2. Institutes of Medicine, National Research Council, “Reducing Underage Drinking: A Collective Responsibility,” p. 8, 10, 11, 14, 17.

Stay Involved

1. Shanklin, S.L., et. al. (2007). 2005 Middle School Youth Risk Behavior Survey. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Atlanta, GA. Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/middleschool2005/pdf/YRBS_MS_05_fullreport.pdf.